Generally, operating systems are thought of as the foundation of all computer systems. No user-system interaction is complete without an operating system as it functions as a bridge between them. There are three primary operating systems: Linux, MAC, and Windows. The MAC OS was created by Apple Inc. for its Macintosh computers and concentrated on the graphical user interface. Microsoft created Windows. It was designed to circumvent the MS-DOS operating system's limitations. Linux is a UNIX-like source program that supports complete memory protection and multitasking. 

Are there significant differences between Windows, Mac, and Linux?

These are popular options on the market; let's look at some of the key distinctions.

Although all three are commonly used, there are significant distinctions between Windows, MAC, and Linux. Windows is preferred by 90% of people over the other two. The Linux operating system has a 1% share of all computer users, while MAC has a 7% global user base.

Windows is the most susceptible to malware because of its more remarkable user base. At the same time, malware is unlikely to impact Linux or MAC.

Windows is costly, while anyone may download and use Linux for free. Apple's MAC systems are more expensive than Windows systems.

Comparison Table for Windows vs. MAC vs. Linux 


The basis of Comparison 




Basic difference and history

Windows was introduced in 1985. It intended to be a graphical user interface built on top of Microsoft's DOS operating system. MS-whole DOS's feature set was subsequently incorporated into the Windows 95 version. It was a significant success and paved the way for the Windows changeover.

Apple's operating system predates Windows. It was released for the first time in 1984. It was designed from the start to have a graphical user interface. In 2005, MAC OS was redesigned and restructured to use Intel x86 architecture.

It was created first at a Finnish university. It was initially launched in 1991 and was targeted at GNU developers. Later, it was incorporated into Linux by GNU developers. It is accessible to the public, and anybody may utilize it according to their requirements.

File structure

Windows uses directories to organize the user's various types of files. It comes equipped with server components and cabinets drawers. There are several standard folders, including files, images, music, movies, and downloads. One may use these folders to hold all of these files, and more folders can be established. Additionally, it contains files that may be spreadsheets or application programs. It can have suffixes such as.txt,.jpg, and so forth.

Additionally, Windows has a recycle bin for storing deleted data. The recycle bin's capacity can be increased.

MAC's file system is usually referred to as MAC OS X. Numerous directories may be found by using the finder on your Mac. When they browse their own MAC book, they may come across the root folder of MAC. Go to folders like /Application, /Developer, /sbin, /tmp, etc., to study the file system and directory structure.

Linux operates on an entirely different file system than Windows and Mac OS X. It was built on a completely different codebase. It stores data in a tree-like structure. A single file tree exists, and all of your discs are mounted on top of it.


The Windows registry is a central database that stores all of your computer's settings. It is responsible for keeping all user information, including passwords and information about the device. Additionally, the registry has an editor that enables you to examine all keys, values, and drivers if necessary.

All programme settings are stored in a sequence of .plist files in MAC's different preferences folders. This .plist file contains all of the properties in plain text or binary format. These are located in the /Library/Preferences directory.

Linux, too, lacks a dedicated registry. All application settings are saved on a program-by-program basis in the same hierarchical format as the files themselves. There is no centralized database for keeping these facts, and hence no need for frequent cleaning.

Interchangeable Interfaces

Until Windows 8, the Windows user interface was not replaceable. Windows XP included some improvements, but they were insufficient. The Start menu, the taskbar, the os tray, and File Explorer are all included.

MAC has a feature for bridging virtual network interfaces. This is accomplished by accessing the system settings and configuring the interfaces.

Linux makes it simple to switch between interfaces. You can change the environment without completing all necessary installs. GNOME and KDE include utilities that help in meeting these requirements. They assist in concentrating on various elements.

Command terminal

A terminal, often known as a command prompt, is a black box that is perfect for executing instructions. The Windows Command Processor is another name for it. It is used for the execution of commands and batch files. Additionally, it is capable of performing administrative duties and troubleshooting and resolving any Windows-related difficulties.

As a terminal program, MAC includes a console. It comes equipped with a console, a command line, a prompt, and a terminal. Your commands are entered through a command line, while the prompt will display some details and allow you to execute commands. A terminal is a physical interface that will also provide a graphical user interface in the current day.

The terminal is located under Applications -> Utilities.

Additionally, Linux includes a terminal. One can find a terminal under the Applications -> System or Applications -> Utilities menus. Additionally, there is a shell prompt. The most often used shell in bash. It specifies the behaviour and appearance of the terminal when it is run.


Each of these operating systems has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. It is determined by the user and their expectations of the operating system. Windows is capable of being used to play games. Linux is ideal for programmers, whereas MAC is ideal for those interested in graphics.